Centre for Advanced Study

at the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters

Dynamics of Fluid Rock Systems

Information

Former 2000/2001 Natural Sciences - Medicine - Mathematics

End Report

Our CAS group represented an extended version of the theoretical part of a major cross-disciplinary NFR-funded geology-physics program first started in 1996, called Fluid-Rock-Interactions. The activities where focused towards the following scientific problems: 1) Pressure solution; 2) Crack healing; 3) Hydrofracturing and deformation assisted fluid flow in rocks; 4) Growth and dissolution processes and its coupling to stress;

5) Hydrothermal vents associated with sill-intrusions in sedimentary basins; 6) Continental margin processes and the formation of microcontinents; and 7) Geological pattern-formation in general.

CAS collaboration resulted in major advances in our research on pressure solution, hydrofracturing, hydrothermal vent generation, the origin of ocean islands and in the coupling between fluid flow and deformation in the Earth’s crust. Two Nature papers were published by CAS participants during the project period, and 3 papers are currently under review in Nature, Science or Geology – the most prestigious journals in our field. This witnesses the high quality of your CAS-products.

The majority of the work started at CAS has not yet been published, and some of the ideas produces at CAS are still at a stage where the outcome is hard to predict.

The effects of putting together a group of internationally established scientists are never completely predictable. Synergies may arise by unexpected combinations of approaches, and analogies between problems that at first glance appear too different to mingle. On the other hand, scientists with obvious common interests may refrain from optimal interactions due to a certain competitiveness.

The CAS project represented perhaps the most active period in the cross-disciplinary Geology-Physics collaboration that’s has been going on since 1996. The CAS research group forms the core of a research centre called “Physics of Geological Processes”, directed by Jens Feder and Bjørn Jamtveit, that today competes in the finals for one of the Centres of Excellence (CoE) launched by the Norwegian research Council in 2002. We received extremely good reviews during the first CoE evaluation, partly based on the work carried out at CAS.

Regardless of a possible CoE our research will be continued in the Strategic University Program “Physics of Geological Processes” to be carried out in the period 2002–2006.

Fellows

  • Amundsen, Hans Erik Foss
    Dr. University of Oslo (UiO) 2000/2001
  • Connolly, James Alexander Denis
    Privat Dozent ETH Zürich 2000/2001
  • Dysthe, Dag Kristian
    Dr. University of Oslo (UiO) 2000/2001
  • Feder, Jens G.
    Professor University of Oslo (UiO) 1992/1993, 2000/2001
  • Flekkøy, Eirik Grude
    Professor University of Oslo (UiO) 2000/2001
  • Jøssang, Torstein F.
    Professor University of Oslo (UiO) 1992/1993, 2000/2001
  • Köhn, Daniel
    Dr. University of Oslo (UiO) 2000/2001
  • Malthe-Sørenssen, Anders
    Associate Professor University of Oslo (UiO) 2000/2001
  • Meakin, Paul
    Professor 2000/2001
  • Merino, Enrique
    Professor Indiana University 2000/2001
  • Miller, Stephen Andrew
    Senior Research Associate ETH Zürich 2000/2001
  • Podladchikov, Yuri
    Professor University of Oslo (UiO) 2000/2001
  • Renard, Francois
    Associate Professor University of Grenoble 2000/2001
  • Thompson, Alan Bruce
    Professor ETH Zürich 2000/2001
  • Toussaint, Renaud
    Dr. University of Oslo (UiO) 2000/2001

Group leader

  • Bjørn Jamtveit

    Title Professor Institution University of Oslo (UiO) Year at CAS 2000/2001
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