We plan to form a team to investigate the novel and intriguing phenomena that occurs in nanoscale systems. By a combined broad experience in nanoscale systems as well as semiconductors, normal metals, ferromagnets, low- and high-temperature superconductors, and exotic new metals and insulators, a rich research environment for top-rate research will be created. We will develop improved theoretical methods for describing transport and other phenomena, and plan to use these methods to increase our understanding of experiments. We will study the properties of novel pure or hybrid systems containing normal metals, ferromagnetic metals, low-temperature superconductors, high-temperature superconductors and low-dimensional systems in semiconductors. Spin-injection into normal metals, semiconductors, superconductors and other novel metals as well as the electronic properties of low-dimensional systems will be investigated. We believe that many interesting and novel new effects will be discovered in the study of spin and charge transport.